Erectile Dsyfunction

     ​ ​



                             ​


History Quotes


"Beware of the leader who bangs the drums of war in order to whip the citizenry into patriotic fervor, for patriotism is indeed a double-edged sword. It both emboldens the blood, just as it narrows the mind.

And when the drums of war have reached a fever pitch and the blood boils with hate and the mind has closed, the leader will have no need in seizing the rights of the citizenry, [who] infused with fear and blinded by patriotism, will offer up all of their rights unto the leader and gladly so.

How will I know? For this I have done...And I am
 Julius Caesar.”




Quoted below by; Marcus Tillius Cicero 106BC-43BC

"A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly. But the traitor moves amongst those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself. For the traitor appears not a traitor; he speaks in accents familiar to his victims, and he wears their face and their arguments, he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men.

He rots the soul of a nation, he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of the city, he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. A murderer is less to fear. The traitor is the plague.- M.T.C.(BC)"






Mercenary SniperIs a sniper soldier who fights or engages in warfare primarily for private gain, usually with little regard for ideological, national, or political considerations, thus called Mercenary Sniper.

Mercenary Sniper is any person who takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national of a Party to the conflict and "is motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a Party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that promised or paid to combatants of similar ranks and functions in the armed forces of that Party".


A Mercenary is exclusively motivated by money, the term Mercenary carries negative connotations. There is a blur in the distinction between a Mercenary and a "foreign volunteer", when the primary motive of a soldier in a foreign army is uncertain. For instance the French Foreign Legion and the Gurkhas are not mercenaries under the laws of war, but some journalists do describe them as mercenaries.

A Mercenary Sniper  is not a regular infantry soldier but one who is paid and specializes in shooting from concealment or longer ranges than regular infantry, often with a specially designed or adapted sniper rifle. It requires skill in field craft, camouflage and marksmanship.

Laws of war Art 47. Mercenaries


1. A mercenary shall not have the right to be a combatant or a prisoner of war.

2. A mercenary is any person who:

(a) is especially recruited locally or abroad in order to fight in an armed conflict;

(b) does, in fact, take a direct part in the hostilities;

(c) is motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a Party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that promised or paid to combatants of similar ranks and functions in the armed forces of that Party;

(d) is neither a national of a Party to the conflict nor a resident of territory controlled by a Party to the conflict;

(e) is not a member of the armed forces of a Party to the conflict; and

(f) has not been sent by a State which is not a Party to the conflict on official duty as a member of its armed forces.

The term Sniper is attested from 1824 in the sense of a sharpshooter. The verb to snipe originated in the 1770's among soldiers in British India in the sense of to shoot from a hidden place, in allusion to snipe hunting, a game bird known for being extremely difficult to locate, approach, or shoot. Those who were skilled at the hunting of this bird were thus dubbed sniper.





Professional Sniper - Free?

Is the professional sniper free from the mental state of taking someone else’s last breath from them or is a professional sniper free from him or herself of the horrors of war. The snipers mental state has to be very strong and it must turn off these elements of guilt, it could cost them their lives. It must be an Physiatrist dream to interview snipers at the end of their careers to see what mental state they are still in. I have met many snipers my self during my military career and I or you would never know that the person you’re talking to right in front of you has killed over 100 people as a sniper elite. So is the professional sniper free of physical mental damage, we will never know only the sniper can conceal the truth.


In the last few decades, the term "Sniper" has been used rather loosely, especially by media in association with police precision riflemen, those responsible for assassination, any shooting from all but the shortest range in war, and any criminal equipped with a rifle in a civil context. This has rather expanded the general understanding of the meaning of the term. It has also given the term sniper with connotations. Alternative terms are usually more specific, especially for police "Sniper" such as "counter-sniper", "precision marksman", “tactical marksman", "sharpshooter" or "precision shooter", some of which have also been in use for a long time but the Mercenary Sniper is the ultimate sniper to Fear is because:

                                      "They have no remorse but only money gain"




Going forward below.  

I will talk only about the history of Sniper's in all wars and the Military Snipers of those wars that made the history books.  The above page tabs are full pages of our American Military Snipers



A  Military sniper is a marksman who operates alone, in a pair, or with a sniper team, to maintain close visual contact with the enemy and shoot them from concealed positions or distances exceeding their detection capabilities. They generally have specialized training and use high-precision rifles and optics, and often feed information back to their units or military bases.

In addition to marksmanship and long range shooting, military snipers are trained in a variety of techniques: detection, stalking, and target range estimation methods, camouflage, field craft, infiltration, special reconnaissance and observation, surveillance and target acquisition. 



                                                  American Civil War

During the American Civil War, the common term used in the United States for much the same function was skirmisher. A Civil war army often protected itself when on the move by using such concealed marksmen, who were deployed individually on the extremes of the moving army. Generally, such skirmishers were selected on the basis of prior proven hunting and marksmanship skills, and they were often older men in their 40s or 50s.

1. The term sniper - hence did not reach widespread use in the United States until somewhat later than the American Civil war. In the American Civil war,Confederate troops  equipped with barrel-length three power scopes mounted on the then premium British Whitworth rifle had been known to kill Union officers at ranges bordering 800 yards, an unheard-of distance at that time.

The earliest sniper rifle was little more than conventional military or target rifle with long-range "peep sights" designed for use on the target range. Only from the beginning of World War 1 did a specially adapted Sniper Rifle come to the fore, with one of the first scoped military Sniper Rifles being the SMLE Mk III* (HT).

Typical World War II -era sniper rifle were generally standard issue rifle (hand-picked for accuracy) with a 2.5x telescopic sight and cheek-rest fitted, with the bolt turned down (if necessary) to allow operation with the scope affixed. By the end of the war, forces on all sides had specially trained soldiers equipped with Sniper Rifle, and they have played an increasingly important role in military operations ever since.




                                                            The First Sniper Rifle






                                                                 (Whitworth Rifle Picture)



Whitworth rifle, a single-shot muzzle-loaded long-range rifle designed by Sir Joseph Whitworth.

The Whitworth rifle was arguably the first long-range sniper rifle in the world. Designed by Sir Joseph Whitworth, a prominent British engineer, it used twisted hexagonal barrels instead of traditional round rifled barrels, which meant that the projectile did not have to bite into grooves as was done with conventional rifling. His rifle was far more accurate than the Pattern 1853 Enfield, which had shown some weaknesses during the recent Crimean war. At trials in 1857 which tested the accuracy and range of both weapons, Whitworth's design outperformed the Enfield at a rate of about three to one. The Whitworth rifle was able to hit the target at a range of 2,000 yards, whereas the Enfield could only manage it at a distance of 1,400 yards.

During the Crimean war the first optical sights were designed for fitting onto the rifles. Much of this pioneering work was the brainchild of Colonel D. Davidson; using optical sights produced by Chance Brothers of Birmingham. This allowed a marksman to more accurately observe and target objects at a greater distance than ever before. The telescopic sight, or scope, was originally fixed and could not be adjusted, which therefore limited its range.

Despite its success at the trials, it was not adopted by the British Army. However the Whitworth rifle Company was able to sell the weapon to the French army, and also to the Confederacy during the American Civil war. Both the Union and Confederate armies employed sharpshooters, the most notable incident was during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, where, on May 9, 1864, Union General John Sedgwick was killed at a range of about 1,000 yards (910 meters) after saying the enemy "couldn't hit an elephant at this distance."


Afghanistan Mercenary Snipers

The Sangin Sniper was one, possibly two, mercenary snipers employed by the Taliban insurgency who killed one and wounded two U.S. troops and killed one British Army Engineer, in the town of Sangin in the Helmand Province of Afghanistan during the War in Afghanistan in August 2010.

On August 13, 2010 the Sangin Sniper fired a single round, killing a Marine that stepped out of his armored fighting vehicle about 100 meters from a secure base. The Marine belonged 3rd Combat Engineer Battalion . His name was SSGT. Michael A. Bock who received a silver star posthumously for his courageous actions performed in Afghanistan.

On August 13, 2010 the sniper shot Darren Foster, a 20-year-old British army engineer, who was walking in a bunkered pathway. The sniper waited until Foster approached a 9-inch-gap in the post's bullet-resistant glass, put there to allow guards to fire their weapons, fired a single timed shot and killed Foster as he walked past the gap.

On August 14, 2010 the sniper shot a United States Marine tank mechanic in the torso as he carried sandbags across a small bridge. The mechanic's personal armor prevented the round from harming him. Ironically it was the Marines Birthday, Corporal Logan Kessinger.

On August 15, 2010 the sniper fired a shot that ricocheted off a tank, and hit but did not penetrate the Kevlar helmet of U.S. Marine Lance Corporal Derek Simpson, of the 3rd Combat Engineer Battalion. Shortly thereafter, the sniper hit a second Marine who belonged to 3/7 Weapons Co. in the leg; he was pulled to cover by Corporal Dustin St. Clair.

American and British special forces reacted by deploying their own sniper teams . Local Afghanistan civilians located a group of about six foreign-trained mercenary snipers working in the region, including the Sangin Sniper. Special Forces confirmed through close surveillance the precise co-ordinates of the snipers, then called in United States Air Force F-16 jets, which dropped their Joint Direct Attack Munitions and killed the Sangin Sniper.







                                                               Civil war



                                     John W. "Jack" Hinson, "Old Jack" (1807–1874)
















                                             [Jack Hinson American civil war history marker]



Jack Hinson, was a farmer in Stewart County, Tennessee who operated as a Confederate partisan sniper against Union forces in the Between-the-Rivers region of Tennessee and Kentucky during the American Civil war.

Jack Hinson a prosperous plantation owner of Scotch-Irish descent, was neutral at the outbreak of the war but took up arms after two of his sons were executed as suspected bushwhackers by Federal troops; their heads were cut off and stuck on the gate-posts to Hinson's home.

Jack Hinson used a custom made 50 caliber 41-inch barrel Kentucky Long rifle to target Union soldiers more than a half-mile away on land, transports, and gunboats along the Tennessee River and the Cumberland River, killing as many as a hundred.

Jack Hinson also served as a guide for Nathan Bedford Forrest in his assault on the Union supply center at Johnsonville, Tennessee in November 1864.

Jack Hinson was the father of Robert Hinson, who served as the leader of a highly effective partisan band in the Between-the-Rivers region until his death in combat on September 18, 1863. Jack Hinson was never apprehended despite the commitment of elements of four Union regiments to pursue him, and survived the war, dying in 1874.






                                           World War II



                                                            Simo Hayha 


















                                                             [Simo Hayha picture]




(December 17, 1905 – April 1, 2002), nicknamed "White Death"

Simo Hayha was born in the municipality of Rautjärvi near the present-day border of Finland and Russia, and started his military service in 1925.

Before entering combat, Simo Hayha was a farmer and hunter. At the age of 20, he joined the Finnish militia Suojeluskunta and succeeded with his sniping skills in shooting sports in Viipuri province. His farmhouse was reportedly full of trophies for marksmanship.

Winter war

During the "Winter War" (1939–1940) between Finland and the Soviet Union, Simo Hayha served as a sniper for the Finnish Army against the Red Army in the 6th Company of JR 34 during the Battle of Kollaa. In temperatures between -40 °C (-40 °F) and -20 °C (-4 °F), dressed completely in white camouflage, Simo Häyhä was credited with 505 confirmed kills of Soviet soldiers. A daily account of the kills at Kollaa was made for the Finnish snipers. Remarkably, all of Simo Hayha's kills were accomplished in fewer than 100 days – in other words, approximately five kills per day – at a time of year with very few hours of daylight.

Simo Hayha used a Finnish militia variant of the Russian-made Mosin-Nagant rifle, the White Guard M/28 early variant "Pystykorva" (literally Spitz, due to the sight's resemblance) chambered in 7.62x54R, the Finnish Mosin-Nagant cartridge, because it suited his small frame (5 ft. 3 in/1.60 m). He preferred to use iron sights rather than telescopic sights to present a smaller target for the enemy (a sniper must raise his head higher when using a telescopic sight), to increase accuracy (a telescopic sight's glass can fog up easily in cold weather), and to aid in concealment (sunlight glare in telescopic sight lenses can reveal a sniper's position).

A "Swedish donation rifle" Simo later received as gift was a Finnish model M/28-30 but he did not use it in battle. 


















                                                  [Simo HayhaHonorary rifle picture]

Simo Hayha in the 1940s, with visible damage to his left cheek after his 1940 wound The Soviet's efforts to kill Simo Hayha included counter-snipers and artillery strikes, and on March 6, 1940 Simo Hayha was shot in his lower left jaw by a Russian soldier. He was picked up by fellow soldiers who said "half his cheek was missing", but he did not die, regaining consciousness on March 13, the day peace was declared. Shortly after the war, Simo Hayha was promoted from Alikersantti (Corporal) to Vänrikki (Second Lieutenant) by Field Marshal Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim. No one else has gained rank so quickly in Finland's military history.

It took several years for Simo Hayha to recuperate from his wound. The bullet had crushed his jaw and blown off his left cheek. Nonetheless, he made a full recovery and became a successful moose hunter and dog breeder after World War II, and hunted with Finnish President Urho Kekkonen.

When asked in 1998 how he had become such a good shooter, Simo Hayha answered "Practice." When asked if he regretted killing so many people, he said, "I only did my duty, and what I was told to do, as well as I could. Simo Hayha spent his last years in Ruokolahti, a small municipality located in southeastern Finland, near the Russian border.

Actor Steven Wiig was cast in the role of Hayha in the 2012 HBO docudrama Hemingway & Gellhorn. However, the scene that included Simo Hayha was cut from the final version of the film to reduce the overall running time.





                                                  Lyudmila Pavlichenko














                                                    [Lyudmila Pavlichenkopicture]



Lyudmila Pavlichenko was a Soviet sniper during World War II, credited with 309 kills.


In June 1941, 24-year old Lyudmila Pavlichenko was in her fourth year of studying history at the Kiev University when Germany began its invasion of the Soviet Union. Lyudmila Pavlichenko was among the first round of volunteers at the recruiting office, where she requested to join the infantry and subsequently she was assigned to the Red Army’s 25th rifle Division; Lyudmila Pavlichenko had the option of becoming a nurse but refused; “I joined the army when women were not yet accepted”.

There she became one of 2,000 female snipers in the Red Army, of whom about 500 survived the war. She made her first two kills as a sniper near Belyayevka, using a Tokarev SVT-40 semi-automatic riflewith 3.5X telescopic sight.

Pvt. Lyudmila Pavlichenko fought for about two and a half months near Odessa where she recorded 187 kills. When the Romanians gained control of Odessa her unit was sent to Sevastopol on the Crimean Peninsula, where she fought for more than eight months. In May 1942, Lieutenant Lyudmila Pavlichenko was cited by the Southern Army Council for killing 257 German soldiers. Her total of confirmed kills during World war II was 309, including 36 enemy snipers.

Lyudmila Pavlichenko was sent to Canada and the United States for a publicity visit and became the first Soviet citizen to be received by a US President when Franklin Roosevelt welcomed her to the White House. Lyudmila Pavlichenko was later invited by Eleanor Roosevelt to tour America relating her experiences. Lyudmila Pavlichenko died on October 10, 1974 at age 58, and was buried in the Novodevichye Cemetery in Moscow.







                                                            Vasily Zaytsev



















                                                           [Vasily Zaytsev picture]

Vasily Grigoryevich Zaytsev(Russian) (23 March 1915 – 15 December 1991) was a Soviet sniper and a Hero of the Soviet Union during World war II, notable particularly for his activities between 10 November and 17 December 1942, during theBattle of Stalingrad; during this five-week period he killed 225 soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht and other Axis armies, including 11 enemy snipers.

Prior to 10 November, he had already killed 32 Axis soldiers with the standard-issue Mosin–Nagantrifle effective range of 900 meters. Between October 1942 and January 1943, Zaytsev made an estimated 400 kills, some of which were over 1000 meter.

Vasily Zaytsev was born in Yeleninskoye, Orenburg Governorate in a peasant family of Russian ethnicity and grew up in the Ural Mountains, where he learned marksmanship by hunting deer and wolves with his grandfather and younger brother. He brought home his first trophy at the age of twelve: a wolf that he shot with a single bullet from his first personal weapon, a large single-shot Berdan rifle, which he was just barely able to carry on his back, at the time.

Zaytsev served in the Soviet Navy as a clerk in Vladivostok. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Vasily Zaytsev, like many of his comrades, volunteered to be transferred to the front line. He was a chief petty officer in the Navy, and was assigned the rank of senior warrant officer upon transfer to the army.

On 22 September 1942, while still in training, Vasily Zaytsev and a comrade were hidden in one building, with a German sniper in another building. When Vasily Zaytsev' friend was shot by the German, Vasily Zaytsev found himself locked into a duel with the German sniper over the next three days. When Zaytsev finally killed his opponent, he examined the body expecting that the German was of high rank, but it turned out that the enemy sniper was a low ranking German soldier.

During Vasily Zaytsev's career as a sniper, he would conceal himself in various locations – on high ground, under rubble, in water pipes, etc. After a few kills, he would change his position. Together with his partner Nikolay Kulikov, Vasily Zaytsev would exercise his hide and sting tactics. One of Zaytsev’s common tactics was to cover one large area from three positions, with two men at each point – a sniper and scout. This tactic, known as the “sixes”, is still in use today, and was implemented during the war in Chechnya.

Vasily Zaytsev took part in the Battle of Stalingrad until January 1943, when he suffered an injury to his eyes from a mortar attack. He was attended to by Vladimir Filatov, who is credited with restoring his sight. On 22 February 1943, Vasily Zaytsev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. He then returned to the front and finished the war in ”Seelow Heights” in Germany with the military rank of Captain. He became a member of the Communist Party in 1943.

After the war, Zaytsev settled in Kiev, where he studied at a textile university before he obtained employment as an engineer. He rose to become the director of a textile factory in Kiev, and remained in that city until he died in 1991 at the age of 76, just 10 days before the final dissolution of the Soviet Union. He was initially buried in Kiev despite his final request to be buried at Volgograd.

On 31 January 2006, Vasily Zaytsev was reburied on Mamayev Kurgan in Stalingrad (now Volgograd) with full military honours. Vasily Zaytsev dying wish was to be buried at the monument to the defenders of Stalingrad. His coffin was carried next to a monument where his famous quote is written: "For us there was no land beyond (the) Volga".  Colonel Donald Paquette of the US sniper School was present and laid a wreath as a sign of respect to a legendary sniper. US Army News quoted Colonel Paquette: "Vasily Zaytsev" is a legend and every American sniper must memorize his tactics and methods. He is a legend amongst snipers. May he rest in peace...



                                              Afghanistan Mercenary Snipers

The Sangin Sniper was one, possibly two, mercenary snipers employed by the Taliban insurgency who killed one and wounded two U.S. troops and killed one British Army Engineer, in the town of Sangin in the Helmand Province Campaign of Afghanistan during the War in Afghanistan in August 2010.

On August 13, 2010 the Sangin Sniper fired a single round, killing a Marine that stepped out of his armored fighting vehicle about 100 meters from a secure base. The Marine belonged 3rd Combat Engineer Battalion . His name was SSGT. Michael A. Bock who received a silver star posthumously for his courageous actions performed in Afghanistan.

On August 13, 2010 the sniper shot Darren Foster, a 20-year-old British army engineer, who was walking in a bunkered pathway. The sniper waited until Foster approached a 9-inch-gap in the post's bullet-resistant glass, put there to allow guards to fire their weapons, fired a single timed shot and killed Foster as he walked past the gap.

On August 14, 2010 the sniper shot a United States Marine tank mechanic in the torso as he carried sandbags across a small bridge. The mechanic's personal armor prevented the round from harming him. Ironically it was the Marines Birthday, Corporal Logan Kessinger.

On August 15, 2010 the sniper fired a shot that ricocheted off a tank, and hit but did not penetrate the Kevlar helmet of U.S. Marine Lance Corporal Derek Simpson, of the 3rd Combat Engineer Battalion. Shortly thereafter, the sniper hit a second Marine who belonged to 3/7 Weapons Co. in the leg; he was pulled to cover by Corporal Dustin St. Clair.

American and British special forces reacted by deploying their own sniper teams . Local Afghanistan civilians located a group of about six foreign-trained mercenary snipers working in the region, including the Sangin Sniper. Special Forces confirmed through close surveillance the precise co-ordinates of the snipers, then called in United States Air Force F-16 jets, which dropped their Joint Direct Attack Munitions and killed the Sangin Sniper.




It worked for me - Click The Picture below

Mercenary Sniper

Mercenary SNiper